Informations

Histoire de Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie


Wilkes-Barre est au centre de la région charbonnière anthracite de la vallée du Wyoming. Il a été fondé en 1769 par John Durke et des colons du Connecticut, et était à l'origine connu sous le nom de Wyoming. Isaac Barre, qui avait défendu les colonies américaines dans les débats parlementaires. Le fort Wilkes-Barre a été construit en 1776 comme défense contre les Indiens. Il a été reconstruit mais de nouveau détruit par le feu pendant la deuxième guerre Pennamite-Yankee. Les réclamations conflictuelles de la Pennsylvanie et du Connecticut ont finalement été réglées en faveur de la Pennsylvanie. En 1818, Wilkes-Barre a été constituée en arrondissement, avec une charte de la ville en 1871. L'extraction du charbon n'était pas le seul élément de l'économie de Wilkes-Barre. La fabrication de la soie est devenue importante, des entreprises comme Empire Silk Mill important de la soie du Japon pour en faire des vêtements pour femmes. Cependant, le charbon était l'élément le plus important et son déclin progressif a eu un impact négatif sur l'économie locale. De plus, tout un réseau de mines souterraines a été inondé, mettant fin aux opérations minières profondes à Wilkes-Barre et mettant des milliers de personnes au chômage. Ce ne devait pas être la tragédie finale pour Wilkes-Barre. L'ouragan Agnes, bien que réduit à l'époque à une tempête tropicale, a frappé en juin 1971, poussant le Susquehanna à quatre pieds au-dessus des digues construites après l'inondation de 1936. Plus de 2 000 commerces ont été endommagés, mais la ville a été entièrement reconstruite et revitalisée depuis la catastrophe.


L'Armée du Salut Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie

En 1865, William Booth a passé ses jours et ses nuits à prêcher l'Évangile de Jésus-Christ aux pauvres, aux sans-abri, aux affamés et aux démunis de Londres, en Angleterre. Dans sa tentative d'atteindre ces personnes, Booth a remis en question le concept accepté d'église et a prêché dans la rue. Booth a voyagé dans toute l'Angleterre pour mener des réunions d'évangélisation. Les services de Booth ont été un succès instantané. Il est rapidement devenu bien connu en tant que chef religieux dans tout Londres et a attiré des adeptes qui se dévouaient à se battre pour les âmes des hommes et des femmes.

En 1867, Booth n'avait que 10 employés à temps plein, mais en 1874, les adeptes de Booth étaient passés à 1 000 bénévoles et 42 évangélistes. À cette époque, le groupe servait sous le nom de "The Christian Mission." Le groupe a officiellement adopté le titre de "The Salvation Army" en août 1878.

Le ministère a émigré en Amérique en 1885, où la première réunion de l'Armée du Salut a eu lieu à Philadelphie. Après avoir reçu un accueil chaleureux, l'Armée du Salut a étendu ses opérations à travers les États-Unis. Aujourd'hui, il existe plus de 9 000 centres de l'Armée du Salut et unités de quartier aux États-Unis.


Contenu

18ème siècle Modifier

Au XVIIIe siècle, la vallée du Wyoming était habitée par les tribus indiennes Shawnee et Delaware (Lenape). En 1753, la Susquehanna Company a été fondée dans le Connecticut pour s'installer dans la vallée du Wyoming (dans l'actuelle Pennsylvanie). Le Connecticut a réussi à acheter les terres des Amérindiens, mais la Pennsylvanie revendiquait déjà le même territoire grâce à un achat effectué en 1736. En 1762, environ deux cents colons du Connecticut (Yankees) ont établi une colonie près de Mill Creek. Ils ont planté du blé et construit des cabanes en rondins. Les Yankees retournent en Nouvelle-Angleterre pour l'hiver. [6]

Les colons du Connecticut sont revenus au printemps 1763 avec leurs familles et des fournitures supplémentaires. Un groupe d'Iroquois a également visité la région dans le double objectif de retourner les Delaware (Lenape) contre les colons et de tuer Teedyuscung, un chef local du Delaware. Le 19 avril 1763, la résidence du chef, ainsi que plusieurs autres, est incendiée. Le chef Teedyuscung a péri dans l'enfer. Les Iroquois laissèrent croire aux Delaware que cette atrocité avait été commise par les colons. En conséquence, les Delaware ont attaqué les colons le 15 octobre 1763. Trente colons ont été tués et plusieurs autres ont été faits prisonniers. Ceux qui ont réussi à s'échapper se sont enfuis en Nouvelle-Angleterre. Le Delaware a ensuite brûlé ce qui restait de la colonie yankee. [6]

En 1769, les Yankees retournèrent dans la vallée du Wyoming. Cinq cantons ont été établis par le Connecticut. Chacun mesurait cinq milles carrés et était réparti entre quarante colons. Le canton de Wilkes-Barre était l'un des premiers cantons auxquels il a été nommé en l'honneur de John Wilkes et d'Isaac Barré, deux députés britanniques qui ont soutenu l'Amérique coloniale. Des Pennsylvaniens (Pennamites) sont également arrivés dans la vallée la même année. [6]

Les colons du Connecticut ont établi Fort Durkee, qui a été nommé en l'honneur de leur chef (le colonel Durkee). Cela a été immédiatement suivi d'une série d'escarmouches entre les habitants de Pennsylvanie et les colons du Connecticut. Le terrain a changé plusieurs fois de mains entre les deux groupes. Le Congrès de la Confédération a été invité à trancher la question. Avec le décret de Trenton, le 30 décembre 1782, le gouvernement de la confédération a officiellement décidé que la région appartenait à la Pennsylvanie, la vallée du Wyoming est devenue une partie du comté de Northumberland. [6]

La Pennsylvanie a statué que les colons du Connecticut (Yankees) n'étaient pas citoyens du Commonwealth. Par conséquent, ils ne pouvaient pas voter et ont reçu l'ordre de renoncer à leurs revendications de propriété. En mai 1784, des hommes armés de Pennsylvanie forcèrent les colons du Connecticut à s'éloigner de la vallée. En novembre, les Yankees sont revenus avec une plus grande force. Ils ont capturé et détruit le fort Dickinson à Wilkes-Barre. Avec cette victoire, un nouvel État (qui était séparé du Connecticut et de la Pennsylvanie) a été proposé. Le nouvel état devait être nommé Westmoreland. Pour s'assurer qu'ils ne perdaient pas la terre, le Commonwealth de Pennsylvanie a élaboré un compromis avec les colons du Connecticut (Yankee). Les colons yankees deviendraient citoyens de Pennsylvanie et leurs droits de propriété seraient restaurés (avant le décret de Trenton). Dans le cadre du compromis, la Pennsylvanie établirait un nouveau comté dans le nord-est de la Pennsylvanie. Les Yankees ont accepté les conditions. [6]

Le 25 septembre 1786, l'Assemblée générale de Pennsylvanie a adopté une résolution qui a créé le comté de Luzerne. Il a été formé à partir d'une section du comté de Northumberland et nommé d'après le chevalier de la Luzerne, un soldat et diplomate français du XVIIIe siècle. Wilkes-Barre devient le siège du gouvernement du nouveau territoire. Cette résolution a mis fin à l'idée de créer un nouvel État. [6] [7] [8]

En 1797, plusieurs décennies après la fondation de la communauté, Louis Philippe, plus tard roi de France de 1830 à 1840, séjourna à Wilkes-Barre lors d'un voyage vers la colonie française d'asile. [9]

19ème siècle Modifier

La population de Wilkes-Barre a monté en flèche en raison de la découverte du charbon anthracite au 19ème siècle. En 1808, le juge Jesse Fell de Wilkes-Barre découvrit une solution pour enflammer l'anthracite avec l'utilisation d'une grille en fer qui permettait au charbon de s'allumer et de brûler plus facilement. Cette invention a augmenté la popularité de l'anthracite comme source de carburant. Cela a conduit à l'expansion de l'industrie du charbon dans le nord-est de la Pennsylvanie. Wilkes-Barre a été surnommée « La ville du diamant » en raison de sa productivité élevée de l'extraction du charbon. La demande croissante de charbon comme source de chaleur domestique a entraîné des changements dans les modèles d'immigration à Wilkes-Barre au 19ème siècle. Le guide de Pennsylvanie, compilé par le Writers' Program de la Works Progress Administration en 1940, notait que : [10]

Jusqu'en 1870, toute l'immigration venait du nord de l'Europe, avec une prédominance des Irlandais. Ensuite, les exploitants miniers ont envoyé des représentants en Europe centrale et méridionale pour inciter les paysans à venir dans les bassins houillers américains. De nombreux travailleurs plus âgés ont donc été supplantés par de nouveaux arrivants disposés à travailler pour de bas salaires, et des conflits acharnés ont suivi. Le clivage le long des frontières nationales, cependant, a donné à Wilkes-Barre des sections aussi pittoresques que Five Points, maintenant East End, où une foule de mineurs se rassemblait tous les soirs sur les marches du Mackin Brothers' Store, une scène décrite par Con Carbon dans un ballade populaire des années 1890 :

Et une fois ta marée paisible
Les hommes de Far Downs et Connaught
Se battre, puis se réconcilier à nouveau,
Hommes hollandais, écossais et anglais—
Tous comme des poulets dans un enclos.
La fumée de poudre est si épaisse,
Vous ne pouviez pas le couper avec une pioche,
L'odeur du gaz te rendrait malade
Devant le magasin Mackin's.

Tout au long des années 1800, des canaux et des chemins de fer ont été construits pour faciliter l'extraction et le transport du charbon. Des centaines de milliers d'immigrants ont afflué vers la ville qu'ils cherchaient des emplois dans les nombreuses mines et charbonnages qui ont surgi dans toute la région. En 1806, l'arrondissement de Wilkes-Barre a été formé à partir d'un segment du canton de Wilkes-Barre, il a ensuite été incorporé en tant que ville en 1871. C'était le résultat direct du boom démographique. À son apogée, Wilkes-Barre comptait plus de 86 000 habitants dans les années 30 et 40.

De nouvelles industries ont été créées et Vulcan Iron Works était un fabricant bien connu de locomotives de chemin de fer de 1849 à 1954. Pendant le règne de Wilkes-Barre en tant que force industrielle et économique en Amérique, plusieurs grandes entreprises et franchises se sont installées dans la ville, telles que Woolworth's, Sterling Hotels, Miner's Bank, Bell Telephone, Luzerne National Bank et Stegmaier. [11]

Même si l'économie globale se portait très bien, la ville était toujours sujette aux catastrophes naturelles. Outre les inondations fréquentes de la rivière Susquehanna, Wilkes-Barre a également subi une tornade dévastatrice F3 le 19 août 1890. La tornade a tué 16 personnes, en a blessé 50, endommagé ou détruit 260 bâtiments et a coûté au moins 240 000 $ (en argent de 1890). [12]


Généalogie Wilkes-Barre (dans le comté de Luzerne, Pennsylvanie)

REMARQUE : Des enregistrements supplémentaires qui s'appliquent à Wilkes-Barre sont également disponibles sur les pages du comté de Luzerne et de Pennsylvanie.

Actes de naissance de Wilkes Barre

Dossiers du cimetière de Wilkes-Barre

Le cimetière de Hollenback, un milliard de tombes

Cimetière Hollenback Un milliard de tombes

Cimetière de la Sainte-Trinité, un milliard de tombes

Cimetière Saint-Joseph Milliards de tombes

Registres du recensement de Wilkes-Barre

Recensement fédéral (fichier 1 sur 4) Archives Web de la génération américaine 1800

Recensement fédéral des États-Unis, 1790-1940 Recherche de famille

Registres paroissiaux de Wilkes Barre

History of Memorial Church, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie : examen des cinq premières années, un sermon Généalogie Gophers

Église épiscopale St. Stephen, Wilkes-Barre, Enterrements, 1822-1846 Archives Web de la génération américaine

Annuaires de la ville de Wilkes-Barre

Actes de décès de Wilkes-Barre

Histoires et généalogies de Wilkes-Barre

Histoire du comté de Luzerne en Pennsylvanie, ville de Wilkes-Barre Archives Web de la génération américaine

Dossiers d'immigration de Wilkes-Barre

Registres fonciers de Wilkes-Barre

Dossiers cartographiques de Wilkes-Barre

Plan de Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie 1889. Bibliothèque du Congrès

Carte d'assurance incendie de Sanborn de Miners Mills, comté de Luzerne, Pennsylvanie, janvier 1897 Bibliothèque du Congrès

Carte d'assurance incendie de Sanborn de Parsons, comté de Luzerne, Pennsylvanie, mars 1888 Bibliothèque du Congrès

Carte d'assurance incendie de Sanborn de Parsons, comté de Luzerne, Pennsylvanie, septembre 1896 Bibliothèque du Congrès

Carte d'assurance incendie de Sanborn de Wilkes Barre, comté de Luzerne, Pennsylvanie, 1891 Bibliothèque du Congrès

Carte d'assurance incendie de Sanborn de Wilkes Barre, comté de Luzerne, Pennsylvanie, juin 1884 Bibliothèque du Congrès

Actes de mariage de Wilkes Barre

Dossiers divers de Wilkes-Barre

Journaux et avis de décès de Wilkes-Barre

Annonceur 1813-1815 Newspapers.com

Citizen's Voice, The & Sunday Voice 10/03/2005 à Current Genealogy Bank

La voix des citoyens 1978-2020 Newspapers.com

Enregistrement quotidien des temps 1873-1876 Newspapers.com

Daily Union-Leader 1879-1883 Newspapers.com

Démocratique Expositor et Luzerne Miners' and Farmers' Journal 1854-1854 Newspapers.com

Demokratischer Wachter, Luzerne und Columbia County Anzeiger 1877-1894 Newspapers.com

Der Demokratische Wachter, und Luzerne et Columbia County Anzeiger 1844-1852 Newspapers.com

Nouvelles hebdomadaires du dollar 1884-1902 Newspapers.com

Nouvelles du soir 1909-1939 Newspapers.com

Gleaner 02/01/1811 au 02/06/1818 Banque de Généalogie

Glaneuse 1797-1818 Newspapers.com

Union de Lucerne 1846-1976 Newspapers.com

Marchand simple 1896-1898 Newspapers.com

Journal de l'immobilier et revue financière 1910-1910 Newspapers.com

Record du temps 1876-1897 Newspapers.com

Record du temps 1885-1888 Newspapers.com

Fermier républicain et journal démocratique 1831-1855 Newspapers.com

Samstag Abend 1894-1894 Newspapers.com

Sunday Independent 1972-1978 Newspapers.com

Chef du dimanche 1885-1904 Newspapers.com

Nouvelles du dimanche 1882-1904 Newspapers.com

Susquehanna démocrate 1810-1917 Newspapers.com

Times Leader 01/09/1992 à Current Genealogy Bank

Chef du temps 1978-2017 Newspapers.com

Vrai démocrate 1852-1853 Newspapers.com

Chef syndicale 06/10/1847 au 30/12/1874 Banque généalogique

Leader syndical 1877-1907 Newspapers.com

Nouvelles de la vallée 1954-1954 Newspapers.com

Weekender 04/10/2013 à la banque de généalogie actuelle

Week-end 1993-2004 Newspapers.com

Wilkes-Barre avocat 1837-1853 Newspapers.com

Wilkes-Barre Daily 1872-1873 Newspapers.com

Journal quotidien Wilkes-Barre, 1886-1887 Power Library

Wilkes-Barre Leader 19/07/1877 au 09/01/1879 Banque Généalogique

Wilkes-Barre News 1884-1909 Newspapers.com

Wilkes-Barre Record 1881-1949 Newspapers.com

Record semi-hebdomadaire Wilkes-Barre 1867-1919 Newspapers.com

Wilkes-Barre Sunday Independent Power Library 1906-1992

Téléphone Wilkes-Barre 1880-1899 Newspapers.com

Wilkes-Barre Times 01/09/1892 au 30/11/1907 Banque généalogique

Wilkes-Barre Times 1892-1907 Newspapers.com

Wilkes-Barre Times Leader, The Evening News 1884-1972 Newspapers.com

Wilkes-Barre Times Leader, The Evening News, Wilkes-Barre Record 1873-1978 Newspapers.com

Wilkes-Barre Times-Leader 02/12/1907 au 30/12/1922 Banque généalogique

Wilkes-Barre Weekly Times 27/06/1895 au 31/10/1903 Banque de généalogie

Wilkes-Barre Hebdomadaire Times 1895-1903 Newspapers.com

Avocat anti-maçonnique de Wilkesbarre et Luzerne, Wayne et Susquehanna Journal 1832-1837 Newspapers.com

Journaux hors ligne pour Wilkes-Barre

Selon le US Newspaper Directory, les journaux suivants ont été imprimés, il peut donc y avoir des copies papier ou microfilm disponibles. Pour plus d'informations sur la façon de localiser les journaux hors ligne, consultez notre article sur la localisation des journaux hors ligne.

Annonceur. (Wilkesbarre [Pennsylvanie) 1813-1810s

Avocat. (Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvanie) 1837-1840

Avocat anti-maçonnique et Luzerne and Susquehanna Journal. (Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvanie) 1832-1833

Bratstvo. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1899-1942

Bratstvo. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1944-1990

Voix des citoyens. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1979-Actuel

Daily News-Dealer. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1884-1885

Daily News-Dealer. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1889-1894

Enregistrement quotidien des temps. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1873-1876

Temps Quotidiens. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1889-1893

Quotidien Union-Leader. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1879-1884

Dollar Weekly News-Dealer. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1877-1898

Nouvelles hebdomadaires du dollar. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1899-1903

Draugas. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1909-1916

Chef de soirée. (Wilkes-Barre [Pa.]) 1884-1898

Journal du soir. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1909-1939

Gleaner, et Lucerne Annonceur. (Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvanie) 1811-1812

Glaneur. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1812-1818

Herald of the Times, Or, la Gazette impartiale de Luzerne. (Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvanie) 1796-1797

Indépendant. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1906-1914

Leader. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1877-1879

Visiteur littéraire. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1813-1815

Express du comté de Lucerne. (Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvanie) 1882-1918

Comté de Luzerne Volks-Freund. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1866-1879

Démocrate de Lucerne. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) Années 1830-1852

Fédéraliste de Lucerne. (Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvanie) 1809-1810

Luzerne Federalist : et Susquehannah Intelligencer. (Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvanie) 1801-1809

Union de Lucerne. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1853-1879

Marchand de nouvelles. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1894-1898

Concessionnaire ordinaire. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1896-1898

Record of the Times et Wilkes-Barre Advocate. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1853-1865

Record du temps. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1866-1901

Record du temps. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1876-1881

Fermier républicain et Journal démocrate. (Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvanie) 1825-1852

Dimanche Indépendant. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1914-Actuel

Chef du dimanche. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1903-1904

Chef du dimanche matin. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1885-1903

Dimanche News-Dealer. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1884-1898

Nouvelles du dimanche. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1899-1904

Démocrate Susquehanna. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) Années 1810-1830

Chef de temps. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1982-actuel

Vrai démocrate. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1852-1854

Dirigeant syndical. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1879-1908

Wilkes-Barre Advocate et Luzerne et Susquehanna Anti-Masonic Journal. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1833-1836

Avocat Wilkes-Barre. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1840-1853

La voix des citoyens de Wilkes-Barre. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1978-1979

Wilkes-Barre Daily News-Dealer. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1886-1887

Nouvelles quotidiennes de Wilkes-Barre. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1898-1904

Wilkes Barre Quotidien. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1872-1873

Chef Wilkes Barre. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1898-1907

Wilkes-Barre News-Dealer. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1887-1889

Nouvelles de Wilkes Barre. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1904-1909

Record de Wilkes Barre. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1881-1972

Record semi-hebdomadaire de Wilkes-Barre. (Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne Co., Pennsylvanie) 1901-1919

Wilkes-Barre Times Leader, les Nouvelles du soir, Wilkes-Barre Record. ([Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1972-1978

Wilkes-Barre Times Leader, les Nouvelles du soir. ([Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie]) 1939-1972

Chef du temps de Wilkes-Barre. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1978-1982

Chef du temps de Wilkes-Barre. ([Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie]) 1907-1939

Temps Wilkes Barre. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1893-1907

Horaires hebdomadaires de Wilkes-Barre. ([Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie) 1894-1904

Wilkesbarre Gazette et Luzerne Advertiser. (Wilkesbarre [Pennsylvanie]) 1797-1800

Wilkesbarre Gazette et Centinel républicain. (Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvanie) 1800-1801

Dossiers d'homologation de Wilkes-Barre

Dossiers de l'école Wilkes-Barre

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Histoire de Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie, États-Unis

Visitez Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie, États-Unis. Découvrez son histoire. Découvrez les gens qui y ont vécu à travers des histoires, de vieux articles de journaux, des photos, des cartes postales et de la généalogie.

Vous êtes de Wilkes Barre ? Avez-vous des ancêtres de là-bas ? Racontez-nous VOTRE histoire !

Les premiers colons étaient alignés avec le Connecticut colonial, qui avait une revendication sur la terre qui rivalisait avec celle de la Pennsylvanie. Des hommes armés fidèles à la Pennsylvanie ont tenté à deux reprises d'expulser les habitants de Wilkes-Barre dans ce qui allait être connu sous le nom de guerre Pennamite-Yankee. Après la Révolution américaine, le conflit a été résolu entre les États et le Connecticut a renoncé à sa revendication. Les colons conservèrent le titre de leurs terres mais transférèrent leur allégeance à la Pennsylvanie.

Wilkes-Barre a été fondée en 1769 et officiellement constituée en 1806. La ville s'est développée rapidement au 19ème siècle après la découverte de réserves de charbon à proximité et l'arrivée de centaines de milliers d'immigrants qui ont fourni une main-d'œuvre pour les mines locales. L'extraction du charbon a alimenté l'industrialisation de la ville, qui a atteint l'apogée de sa prospérité dans la première moitié du 20e siècle.

Il y a BEAUCOUP plus à découvrir sur Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie, États-Unis. Continuer à lire!

  • 1808 - 11 février - 1er charbon anthracite brûlé comme combustible, expérimentalement, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie


Visite à pied de Wilkes-Barre tout sur l'histoire

WILKES-BARRE - Le conseiller municipal de Wilkes-Barre, Tony Brooks, a organisé samedi une visite à pied de l'architecture du centre-ville de Wilkes-Barre, s'arrêtant dans des bâtiments résidentiels et commerciaux des rues Franklin, West South, West River et South River.

Le conseiller municipal a détaillé l'histoire des monuments emblématiques de Wilkes-Barre comme le Westmoreland Club, la First Presbyterian Church, le manoir Mary Stegmaier, le manoir Fred Kirby, la synagogue Ohav Zedek et même la plus ancienne maison survivante de Wilkes-Barre. La visite a été suivie par une foule attentive de dizaines.

Brooks a cité des faits sur l'architecture victorienne, édouardienne, gothique, romane, française et plusieurs autres types d'architecture dans les bâtiments, en plus de faits intéressants sur leur histoire.

"Je pense qu'il est très important de connaître un endroit d'où vous venez", a déclaré le conseiller municipal. « Quand vous connaissez un lieu, vous êtes plus fier. Toutes les rues que nous avons dans la vallée du Wyoming ont toutes des noms, et elles ont toutes un sens.

« Je pense qu'il est vraiment important de dévoiler l'histoire derrière les noms afin que lorsque quelqu'un descend Hollenback Street et voit le cimetière de Hollenback, il puisse dire : « Hé, il y avait un gars nommé George Hollenback qui était un des premiers entrepreneur de l'industrie de l'anthracite qui a contribué à alimenter la révolution industrielle et c'est de là que viennent ces noms.

Brooks a poursuivi : « Cela rend l'endroit où nous vivons psychologiquement confortable et crée une communauté. »

Plusieurs noms sont devenus un thème récurrent dans la tournée Hollenback, Stegmaier, Kirby, Butler, Welles, et bien d'autres ont été identifiés comme les patriarches et les matriarches de Wilkes-Barre avec des maisons extravagantes pour correspondre. Le manoir de Mary Stegmaier sur South Franklin Street, qui est ouvert à une variété d'événements privés, est presque parfaitement conservé avec un mobilier édouardien et des fonctionnalités telles qu'une salle de bal, un solarium et une remise.

La plus ancienne maison de Wilkes-Barre, une résidence en bois blanc avec des volets verts de forme coloniale classique, appartenait à Zebulon Butler, un homme politique local qui, selon Brooks, a occupé plus de 20 fonctions au cours de sa vie.

Brooks organisera une visite à pied du cimetière Hollenback le samedi 14 octobre, en mettant l'accent sur la guerre d'indépendance. Vous trouverez d'autres événements, anecdotes et façons de vous impliquer sur la page Facebook de la Wilkes-Barre Preservation Society — @WBPreservation.

Le conseiller municipal Tony Brooks explique l'histoire de la First Presbyterian Church sur South Franklin Street lors d'une visite à pied de Wilkes-Barre samedi.


Histoire de Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvanie - Histoire

Malgré l'avertissement du gouverneur du Connecticut contre le faire, le printemps suivant, les colons du Connecticut avec leurs familles sont retournés dans la région. Cet été-là, ils ont étendu leur établissement jusqu'à la rive ouest de la rivière. À l'automne, un groupe d'Iroquois a visité la région. Il est rapporté qu'ils avaient un double objectif : inciter les Delaware et se débarrasser de Teedyuscung, un chef qui avait une grande influence. Le 19 avril 1763, l'habitation de Teedyuscung et une vingtaine d'autres autour sont incendiées. Le « chef, sous l'emprise de l'alcool, périt dans les flammes ». Il s'agissait d'un acte de vengeance pour la mort d'un guerrier iroquois tué par le chef en 1758. Les Iroquois laissaient croire aux autres que cet acte avait été commis par les colons. En conséquence, le Delaware a attaqué les colons, en tuant trente et en faisant fuir les autres. Ils ont ensuite brûlé la colonie. Ce qui suit sont des noms de colons tirés de "History of Luzerne Lackawanna and Wyoming counties, PA". par W.W. Munsell & Cie 1880.

Benjamin Ashley, James Atherton, Daniel Baldwin, Isaac Bennett, Thomas Bennett, William Buck, Nathaniel Chapman, John Comstock, Benjamin Davis, Ezra Dean, John Dorrance, Simon Draper, Benjamin Follett, Elkanah Fuller, Stephen Gardiner, Daniel Gore, Obadiah Gore , Isaac Hollister, Jr., Timothy Hollister, Timothy Hollister, Jr., Nathaniel Hollister, David Honeywell, August Hunt, Nathaniel Hurlbut, John Jenkins, Moses Kimball, Gideon Lawrence, Stephen Lee, Thomas Marsh, Rev. WM Marsh, David Martin, George Miner, Silas Parker, Ezekiel Pierce, Samuel Richards, Ebenezer Searles, Ephraim Seely, Benjamin Shoemaker, Jonathan Slocum, John Smith, Matthew Smith, Oliver Jewell Smith, Timothy Smith, Wright Smith, Eliphalet Stevens, William Stevens , Wright Stevens, Nathaniel Terry, Paschall Terry, Ephraim Tyler, Ephriam Tyler, Jr., Isaac Underwood, Jonathan Weeks, Jr., Philip Weeks. "Tués par les Indiens le 15 octobre 1763 : le révérend William Marsh, Thomas Marsh, Timothy Hollister, Timothy Hollister, Jr., Nathan Terry, Wright Smith, Daniel Baldwin et sa femme, Jesse Wiffins, Zeruah Whitney, Isaac Hollister. Prisonniers : Shepherd et le fils de Daniel Baldwin."

« En 1768, lors du conseil général des Indiens réuni au fort Stanwix, les propriétaires achetèrent aux Indiens le territoire qui était en litige, et certains des chefs leur passèrent un acte pour cela. Les Indiens étaient prêts à vendre leur terre comme plusieurs fois, car les Blancs étaient prêts à les payer pour cela. »

Au début de 1769, les colons du Connecticut retournèrent sur ces terres. Cinq cantons furent établis, chacun mesurant cinq milles carrés et divisés en quarante parts, à donner aux quarante premiers colons de chacun de ces cantons. En outre, deux cents livres sterling ont été affectées à l'achat d'outils agricoles. Wilkes-Barre était l'un des cinq cantons attribués par la Susquehanna Compnay aux colons du Connecticut. Il a été nommé en l'honneur de John Wilkes et du colonel Isaac Barre, membres du Parlement qui défendaient les droits des colons avant qu'ils ne soient conquis par la Révolution. En février, quarante colons ont été envoyés dans la vallée, suivis de deux cents au printemps. Quand ils sont arrivés, ils ont découvert que les Pennsylvaniens avaient pris le contrôle. Ils avaient également divisé la vallée en manoirs de Stoke (à l'est) et de Sunbury (à l'ouest de la rivière). Trois des dirigeants yankees ont été arrêtés et emmenés à Easton, mais ils ont été libérés sous caution et renvoyés. Au printemps, lorsque les autres colons sont arrivés, ils ont construit un fort sur la rive est de la rivière en aval de Wilkes-Barre. Cela a été nommé Fort Durkee, en l'honneur de leur chef, le colonel Durkee. Les Yankees étaient désormais plus nombreux que les Pennamites et ont connu un été relativement calme. En septembre, les Pennamites arrivèrent en grand nombre, menés par le shérif du comté de Northampton. Ils firent prisonniers le colonel Durkee et plusieurs autres, expulsant les Yankees. Ignorant une promesse de respecter les droits de propriété, ils ont pillé la colonie. A la fin de 1769, les Pennsylvaniens étaient en possession de la vallée.

Au début de 1771, les Yankees revinrent dans la vallée. Pendant plusieurs jours, ils ont tiré sur le blockhaus, les Pennsylvaniens se sont rendus et une fois de plus les Yankees ont pris possession de la vallée. Au cours de cette même période, des « difficultés » ont commencé à surgir entre les colonies et l'Angleterre. Le pouvoir des gouverneurs coloniaux était en déclin. Le gouverneur Penn leva ses propres forces, qui furent envoyées dans la vallée et reprirent possession de la vallée. En juillet 1771, le capitaine Zebulon Butler et Lazarus Stewart, avec soixante-dix hommes du Connecticut, prirent des mesures pour reprendre à nouveau la vallée du Wyoming. Ils ont réussi et le Wyoming est devenu relativement pacifique. Des églises et des écoles ont été fondées. Les colons ont tenté de se réconcilier avec le gouvernement propriétaire, mais ont été rejetés. L'Assemblée générale du Connecticut a envoyé des représentants à Philadelphie pour essayer de trouver un règlement, mais le gouverneur Penn a refusé d'envisager une telle option. L'Assemblée Générale a alors soumis le cas à l'Angleterre et un avis en faveur de la société Susquehanna a été rendu.

En 1773, la législature du Connecticut a adopté une résolution affirmant la juridiction de la colonie et la détermination de la maintenir. Le territoire a été déclaré faire partie de la colonie du Connecticut, érigée en ville de Westmoreland et rattachée au comté de Litchfield. La liste suivante des colons qui se sont inscrits avant 1773 a été trouvée dans « History of Luzerne, Lackawanna and Wyoming counties, Pa. », ceux qui se sont installés à Kingston en 1769 sont marqués d'un astérisque :

Capitaine Prince Alden, Noah Allen, Daniel Angel, Benjamin Ashley, James Atherton, Jr.*, Christopher Avery, Elisha Avery, Peter Ayers, Elisha Babcock, Samuel Badget, John Baker, Roland Barton, Nathan Beach, Isaac Bennett, Thomas Bennett* , Benjamin Budd, Abisha Bingham, Peris Bradford, Peris Briggs, Daniel Brown, Elijah Buck*, Jonathan Buck, Ezra Buel, Eleazer Carey, Jonathan Carrington, Morgan Carvan, Daniel Case, Sylvester Cheesebrough, John Clark, Naniad Coleman, Abraham Colt, John Comstock*, Peter Comstock, Jabez Cooke, Jacob Corah, Ezra Dean, Josiah Dean, John Delong, Joacb Dingman, Benjamin Dorchester, John Dorrance*, Samuel Dorrance, Simeon Draper, Thomas Draper, William Draper, Andrew Durkee, John Durkee, James Dunkin, James Evans, Thomas Ferlin, Zebulon Fisbee, Jabez Fisk, James Forseythe, John Franklin, Stephen Fuller, William Gallop, Christopher Gardner, Thomas Gaylord, Duty Gerold, Daniel Gore, Silas Gore, Philip Goss, Thomas Gray, Job Green , Job Green, Jr., Obadiah Gore, Jr., Comfort Goss, Peter Harris, Asher Harrot, Zebulon Hawksey, Daniel Hayes, Ebenezer Hebbard, Moses Hebbard, Benjamin Hewit, Jr., Gersham Hewit, Stephen Hinsdale, John Hopkins, Timothy Hopkins, Gurdon Hopson, Samuel Hotchkiss, Diah Hull, Stephen Hull , Stephen Hungerford, Robert Hunter, Stephen Hurlbut, Reuben Hurlburt, Robert Jackson, Zerubabel Jeorum*, Stephen Jenkins, Eliphalet Jewel, Edward Johnson, Solomon Johnson, John Jollee, Cyrus Kenney, John Kenyon, Hezekiah Knap, Thomas Knight, Joshua Lampher, Cyprian Lathrop*, Asa Lawrence, Gideon Lawrence, Asa Lee, John Lee, Joseph Lee, Noah Lee, Stephen Lee, Jesse Leonard, William Leonard, Elijah Lewis, Thomas McClure, Nicholas Manvil, Daniel Marvin, Samuel Marvin, Uriah Marvin, Benjamin Matthews, James May, Andrew Medcalf, David Mead, Stephen Miles, Samuel Millington, John Mitchell, Samuel Morgan, Joseph Morse, Daniel Murdock, John Murphy, James Nesbitt, Ebenezer Norton, Ebenezer Northrop, Thomas Olcott, Jonathan Orms, Samuel Orton, Silas P ark, Elias Parks, John Perkins, Abel Pierce, Oliver Post, Noah Read, Jabez Roberts, Benedict Saterlee, Abraham Savage, John Shaw, Benjamin Shoemaker, Jabez Sill, Joseph Slocum, Jr., Abel Smith, James Smith, Oliver Smith* , Lemuel Smith, Zachariah Squier, Ebenezer Stearns, John Sterling, Phineas Stevens, Ebenezer Stone, Samuel Story, Henry Strong, Samuel Sweet, Preserved Taylor, Zophur Teed, Caleb Tennant, Parshall Terry, Sylvester Thayer, Isaac Tracy, Timothy Vorce, William Wadsworth, Aaron Walker, Henry Wall*, John Wallsworth, Nathaniel Watson, Joseph Webster, Philip Weeks, Thomas Weeks, Theophilus Westover*, Caleb White, Zerubabel Wightman, William White, Joshua Whitney, David Whittlesey, Frederick Wise, Henry Wise, Elijah Post, John Wyley, Enos Yale, Ozias Yale.

The Connecticut colonists enjoyed a few years of "repose and prosperity". In 1775 the Revolution had commenced. During this time the rivalry for possession of the valley was suspended. It began anew after the surrender of Cornwallis. The Supreme Executive council petitioned Congress to address the question of jurisdiction. A panel was appointed and after a long session at Trenton decided, in December 1782 that the jurisdiction belonged to Pennsylvania, and the Connecticut residents had "no right to the land in controversy". Soon after troops were sent to the valley. Again the Yankees tried to maintain their lands. They claimed that only jurisdiction of the territory was decided by the decree of Trenton, and that the titles of individuals to the soil was affected. The magistrates and soldiers were arrogannt and oppressive in their behavior. The people resolved to resist, thus they were regarded as insurgents. On May 12, 1784 their property was plundered and one hundred and fifty families fled the valley. The behavior was so cruel that many throughout the state looked down upon these actions. Many grew tired of the bullying and gradually began to support the residents. By October the commader could not find a man to recruit, nor supplies. He discharged his men and abandoned the valley. This was the last military invasion of the Wyoming valley. The area began to flourish with an influx of immigrants to the area.

No page connected with this site shall be copied without prior written approval of the author.
Copyright © 1998 Pat Krivak


History of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania - History

During the early 1700's various Indian tribes, such as the Shawanese, Delaware and Nanticoke, settled in the fertile valley of Wilkes-Barre. In 1768, a group of Yankees, led by Major John Durke, built Fort Durkee near Ross Street. They named the area for John Wilkes and Iasaac Barre. Several battles took place in the following years, but the Yankees were finally recognized as the owners of the land. By the turn of the century, the area had a Newspaper, a post office, and court house.

Black Gold

Road to Riches

The success of coal brought a steady stream of entrepreneurs who grew very rich and powerful. J. C. Atkins built the Wilkes-Barre Lace Manufacturing Co., and Fred Kirby opened his first five-and-dime stores at 172 E. Market St. Men like Charles Parrish and the Coxe brothers owned mines, powder mills, timber companies, and railroads. In 1857, Charles Stegmaier began brewing beer on Hazle St, and he was turning out over 200,000 barrels a year by 1916. Silk and garment mills became major employers for mining woman with companies such as the Empire Silk Mill importing silk from Japan. Richard Jones, a mill worker, founded Vulcan Iron works on S. Main St in 1849, which grew to 1,600 employees, producing locomotives and iron products.

Railroads, boats, and buses competed for shipping dominance, but railroads eventually won out. However, Frank Martz opened what is now the very successful Martz Trailways bus line in 1908. The Boston Store opened in 1879, and Pomeroys followed in 1927.


Histoire

So, it was in the beginning that God blessed the people who were the Founders of our Church with faith, hope, and love to establish SS. Peter and Paul Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. It is with great pride that we look at what has been achieved.

The Founders of our Church were immigrants who arrived throughout Wyoming Valley. Most of them immigrated from Lemkivshehyna, Carpatho-Ukraine, Galicia, and other Western parts of Ukraine areas which are now called Ukraine, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania. Traditionally, their families were farmers, who were accustomed to providing for themselves and their loved ones, and their closeness to nature kept them close to God their faith was strong.

Ukrainians began arriving in the Wilkes-Barre area in the late 1880’s. Having no established Church, they attended a Church in Kingston, established by Rev. John Wolensky. Rev. Wolensky departed for Europe and the Ukrainians decided to plan a Church of their own. Until the Church was built, services were held at the home of Mr. and Mrs. John Zawoiski, in Plains, Pennsylvania.

In 1909, Bishop Soter Ortynsky sent Rev. Elias Kuziw to Wilkes-Barre. Rev. Kuziw prepared the By-Laws of the Church organization, which were approved and accepted by the parishioners at a meeting on April 13, 1909. On May 1, 1909, a petition was prepared and signed and presented to the Court of Common Pleas of Luzerne County for a Charter for the Congregation under the name of St. Peter and Paul Catholic Church of Galician Ruthenians of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.

The Charter for the Church was procured on June 1, 1909. On June 19, 1909, Rev. Elias Kuziw and the Church Committee made and signed an agreement with A.M. Hildebrand of Wilkes-Barre, to build the parish Church at a cost of $6,900. The Church property on the corner of N. River and W. Chestnut Streets was purchased from Samuel E. Chase for the sum of $1,950. The Church was unable to pay their expense and forced to issue a bond for $12,000 from the Wyoming Valley Trust Company and to receive a mortgage for that amount.

On March 1, 1910, land for a cemetery was purchased for $1,600 on Blanchard Street, Plains, Pennsylvania. The first burial took place on June 20, 1910, a 22-year-old, Ksenia Borys. That year there were 13 other burials, 9 of which were infants.

The Committee transferred the title of the Church to Bishop Ortynsky on November 29, 1910.

On June 11, 1911, one brother was switched for another as Rev. Michael Kuziw became the new Pastor. It was during his tenure in August 1912, that the Church was completed. On Labor Day, 1912, Bishop Ortynsky blessed the edifice.

In June 1913, the next priest arrived, Rev. Volodymyr Spolitakevycz, who signed a contract with George Seifert of Scranton, Pa, on May 18, 1914, to paint and decorate the interior of the church for the sum of $850.

After the death of Bishop Ortynsky in March 1916, Rev. Peter Poniatyshyn became the administrator of the Eparchy.

On March 17, 1917, the parish purchased the adjacent property from William Richards for $1,750.

In July 1917 the church received a new pastor, Rev. Michael Lysiak of Auburn, New York. In this decade, the church celebrated:

235 Burials (61 of which were from the Flu)

In June 1919, Rev. Michael Oleksiw was assigned to replace Rev. Lysiak. On April 18, 1921, the name of the charter was legally changed to Saint Peter and Paul Ukrainian Catholic Congregation of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pa.

Rev. Michael Pazdry arrived in June 1922. On March 31, 1923, the parish purchased the lot and house of George and Anna Cverko at 137 W. Chestnut Street for $7,000. That unit was first and last used as rental property for parishioners. At one time the property housed a Convent for the Sisters that taught in our school.

Also, on July 9, 1923, a lot was purchased at N. Sherman Street from Harry Levy for the sum of $1.00. It was later sold by the Church Committee . That property now houses the Ukrainian Literary Association.

In August 1930, Rev. John Kutsky came to Wilkes-Barre and served our Congregation for 14 years.

During his tenure the Apostleship of Prayer was created. This group began and continues to host the annual Easter Dinner or “Sviachenne,” and also hosted many fund raising and social activities. The Apostleship of Prayer supports all functions of the Church.

In 1938 the construction for the school hall began. Funding was difficult and the Bishop approved taking a $12,000 mortgage. The building cost over $20,000 and was ready for classes September 1939. Initially, the school only housed grades 1-5, but later increased to include classes through grade 8. Many new adventures began during this time as the Sisters began a Sodality, and a Junior Holy Name Society.

The May Crowning began during this time and continues today. The first graduating class was in 1943.

During World War II, many of our men were called to serve our country. After the war, many settled in different States and the number of souls lessened. Rev. Kutsky died in 1944 and was Rev. Michael Oleksiw was again assigned to serve the parish. During the five years he served, the mortgage was paid and improvements were made in the cemetery. A new boiler was installed to heat the church and rectory, and the rectory was renovated at that time.

Rev. Oleksiw left in July 1949 and was succeeded by Rev. Andrew Chlystun. Rev. Chlystun assessed the needs of the parish and began by visiting each family and prepared a directory. New seats were provided for the school. That year was the first time a Holy Mission was held. The next year a stoker was installed for proper heating and proper rest rooms were also installed in the school.

Rev. Chlystun collected $5,000 to purchase a school bus to bring the children to school however, since the teachers had lessened to two and their superior had pulled them, the school had to close in 1952.

During Rev. Chlystun’s tenure the cemetery was mapped with the help of Nicholas Yarish, a former caretaker of the cemetery. At this time personal care was stopped and a person was hired to take care of the cemetery. A granite cross was installed and the property was fenced.

When the school closed, seeing that the front steps of the church needed repair, he purchased granite and stone for the new steps for $5,000. Much of the work was done by young parishioners without pay.

During subsequent years, Rev. Chlystun continued maintenance and renovation of the church complex. In all projects, parishioners actively assisted. More clubs were formed to include the Mothers’ Club, the Sewing Circle, and the Ukrainian Catholic Youth League. Our parishioners, together with those of other Ukrainian parishes worked together to sponsor dances, bazaars, pioneered broadcasts of the Liturgy, Christmas Carols, and other social functions.

Rev. Chlystun successfully obtained an Assistant Pastor, Rev. Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky who served in 1948 for a number of months. In 1995, Rev. Lubachivsky would become Cardinal Lubachivsky.

Parishioners continued to work with Rev. Chlystun and the property was maintained well until his transfer to serve at the Orphanage in Philadelphia in 1972. Upon his transfer, Rev. Andrew Baunchalk became our new pastor. Rev. Baunchalk continued to have the church complex maintained and formed a chapter of the Holy Name Society. Like his predecessor, he visited each and every parish home to meet all parishioners. He was instrumental in encouraging the youth to work for their parish. He formed the Altar Boy Society, re-vitalized the Apostleship of Prayer to include entire families and added fund-raising activities.

Rev. Baunchalk not only encouraged fund-raising, but brought parishioners together for social activities and fostered a “family atmosphere” in our church. Rev. Baunchalk was transferred to Berwick in February 1976. Rev. Alex Burak was assigned as administrator of Saints Peter and Paul as he continued to serve Saint Vladimir, in Edwardsville. During this time plans were begun for the renovation of the church.

Rev. Frank Patrylak was then assigned to our parish in December 1977. Rev. Patrylak formed a chanting choir. Our church had been without a formal choir for decades. In 1979, Barry Bennington, Sr. renovated the interior of the church and the re-dedication was held that summer. The Catechetical Program was re-started during his tenure. Rev. Patrylak was transferred to St. Clair in January 1980 and was replaced by Rev. John Beckage.

Rev. Beckage assisted in reinstating the Summer Festival, Catechetical Classes were extended to include parishes from Plymouth, Nanticoke, Hanover, Glen Lyon, Edwardsville, and Wilkes-Barre. Rev. Beckage continued maintenance on the church complex the main renovation had taken place in the rectory. Rev. Beckage was transferred in 1982 to Berwick.

Very Rev. Archpriest Alex Burak returned for another stint at our parish serving as Administrator. When he arrived in August, he immediately began reviewing renovation plans to continue upkeep of the church complex. In September 1982, he became the Director of the Cross Valley Ukrainian CCD Program which was housed in our school. He had realized plans put into place by his predecessor. Children from age 3 to 18 were taught by volunteers from all supporting parishes. The program began with more than 100 students who provided holiday performances, participated in ethnic festivities and cultural happenings.

In September 1982 the chanting choir was reorganized into a choir that could sing both in Slavonic and English. The choir rehearsed as one unit, but split into two so that each Liturgy would be sung. The tradition of singing both Sunday Liturgies continues today.

Also during Rev. Burak’s tenure, front entry was renovated, air conditioning was installed in the church, the churches stained glass windows were weatherized. In addition the convent building was demolished to provide parking for church functions. Later, replacement windows were installed in the school building and roofs through out the church complex were replaced.

After serving as Deacon to Rev. Burak, Rev. Peter Zvarych was ordained in our church.

Late in Rev. Burak’s tenure an Activities Committee was formed for the purpose of coordinating social and fund-raising events. Very Rev. Archpriest Burak retired December 2002.

Rev. Volodymyr Klanichka arrived in December 2002 and assumed duties shortly thereafter. Rev. Klanichka was assigned to St. Vladimir Parish in Edwardsville as well. He was the first priest to reside in our rectory since 1982. He and his wife Natalka worked with parishioners for all events. The parish office was moved back to Wilkes-Barre. He was transferred to Holy Transfiguration Church in Hanover in July 2003.

At that time we were graced with Rev. John Seniw who resided in Scranton, at St. Vladimir rectory but served as our Administrator. Rev. Seniw began renovating the interior of the church. Under his guidance, we began using the new version of the Liturgy as approved by the dioceses (in Slavonic and English).

Rev. Seniw was transferred to Berwick in August 2004 and was succeeded by Rev. Thaddeus Krawchuk. Rev. Krawchuk had various items used in the church services re-gilded. Rev. Krawchuk worked with parishioners in their activities. He resided in Edwardsville and was Administrator of Wilkes-Barre. He was transferred August 2006.

Rev. Andriy Dudkevych arrived in August 2006. He and his family resided in Edwardsville and he served as Administrator at Wilkes-Barre. During his tenure, major electrical renovation was completed in the school. In August 2007, he was transferred to New Jersey and was succeeded by Rev. Orest Kunderevych.

Rev. Kunderevych currently serves as our Pastor. He resides in Wilkes-Barre with his wife and two children. He also serves as Administrator of St. Vladimir’s in Edwardsville. To date, under Rev. Kunderevych’s guidance, the rectory has been renovated the church has been completed as far as painting. Barry Bennington, Jr., was instrumental in completing the church renovations upstairs, and the basement was painted by parishioners. Rev. Kunderevych continues to push for renovations of the church complex and cemetery…


History of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania - History

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Chronological listing

Black Handers

1903 - Tomasso Petto (Born c.1879. Killed Browntown, PA, Oct. 21, 1905.) Petto (known as "il Bove") was a member of the Morello Mafia in New York City. He was the prime suspect in the 1903 "barrel murder" but was released for lack of evidence. Fleeing further prosecution and possible retribution by the family of the barrel murder victim, Tomasso Petto relocated to the Pittston suburb of Browntown. While there he engaged in black hand extortion against the more affluent Italian residents. Locally, he was known by the aliases of Luciano Perrino and Thomas Carillo. Petto was murdered at his isolated home on Browntown's Lincoln Street in October 1905. Journalists characterized the killing as revenge for the barrel murder. The killers were never identified. Petto was buried in St. John the Evangelist Cemetery on Market Street in Pittston.

1904 - Santo Carisaro (Born c.1886.) Santo Carisaro (surname was also spelled Creso, Caressi and Corressi) was the teenage leader of a band of robbers and extortionists in Carbondale, Pennsylvania, northeast of Scranton. Area residents believed the gang was affiliated with the Mafia secret society in New York and sent a portion of its extortion income to Mafia leaders there. Carisaro was captured by a constable working with an anti-Mafia citizens' group on Nov. 28, 1904. As he was taken into custody on Dundaff Street, the law enforcement group was attacked by gangsters emerging from a local saloon. Two members of the citizens' group were shot and killed. Carisaro was successfully delivered to the county jail. He was convicted of robbery and carrying concealed weapons and sentenced on Feb. 1, 1905, to serve five years and nine months in Eastern State Penitentiary.

1904 - John Costa . As authorities in Carbondale, Pennsylvania, cracked down on the local branch of the Mafia society, informants told of arrangements between Carbondale and Mafia leaders in New York City. The informants pointed to John Costa as the intermediary between the two organizations, stating that Costa collected tribute payments from the Carbondale gang and brought them to New York Mafia bosses. Costa, described as a wealthy merchant, had a shop in Carbondale and visited frequently. During a December 1904 visit, he was arrested in connection with a Mafia-related killing, but he won release in bail. Costa's local lieutenant, Frank Mazzacula, was also arrested. When Mafiosi were brought to trial, Costa could not be found. There were rumors that he was in New York, recovering from a gunshot wound. He actually had returned to Italy. Italian authorities located and arrested him, and he was convicted as an accessory to murder. He was sentenced to thirty years in prison, said to be the equivalent of a life sentence for the aging Costa.

Men of Montedoro Mafia

1903 - Stefano LaTorre (Born Montedoro Sicily, March 11, 1886. Died Pittston PA, July 5, 1984). LaTorre, who first entered the U.S. in May 1903 aboard the S.S. Sicilian Prince, looks to have been an early leader of a Mafia organization of immigrants from Montedoro, Sicily. LaTorre, the oldest of six children, joined his father Giuseppe, already settled in the Pittston area. The rest of his siblings soon joined him. LaTorre lived on Railroad Street and worked as a coal miner. He saved up to pay for the January 1906 transatlantic passage of his brother-in-law, Montedoro Mafia leader Santo Volpe, and members of Volpe's family. The LaTorres were related by marriage to Salvatore "Sam Lockin" Lucchino, a fellow Montedoro native, who later became a detective and a government informant. In 1907, extortion victim Charles Rizzo identified LaTorre as one of a gang of black handers (a gang called the "Committee of the Iron Hand Society" was said to be operating in the area) who terrorized him and his family. LaTorre and eleven others - including Lucchino and a Charles Bufalino - were convicted of extortion. Each defendant was sentenced to a year in county jail and a $25 fine. LaTorre was soon eclipsed by other Montedoro Mafiosi, and decades later he had a falling out with local Mafia leaders.

1908 - Santo A. Volpe (Born Montedoro, Sicily, Oct. 20, 1879. Died West Pittston, PA, Dec. 2, 1958.) In addition to his work as president of a coal company, Volpe led a criminal organization in northern Pennsylvania mining communities. Volpe was a brother-in-law of Stefano LaTorre and joined LaTorre in Pennsylvania in 1906. Volpe appears to have been a respected Mafiosi from his time in Montedoro. He became chief of the local Mafia in Pittston soon after his arrival. Volpe has been mistakenly linked with the James, Arthur and John Volpe killed in Pittsburgh in 1932. Those Volpe brothers were born in mainland Italy and were unrelated to Santo. Santo Volpe did have a hand in avenging their deaths, however, as he was among those called to judge and execute Pittsburgh boss John Bazzano for killing them. Santo Volpe was known by the nickname, King of the Night.

1933 - Giovanni Sciandra (Born Montedoro, Sicily, April 10, 1899. Died Sept. 11, 1949, Jenkins Township, PA.) Coal miner and mine operator Sciandra appears to have taken control of day-to-day operations in the Scranton crime family after about 1933. Some have incorrectly timed his rise with the death of Volpe, but it appears that Volpe went into retirement decades before his 1958 death. The Pittston family of the 1930s seems to have been operating under the auspices of New York's Luciano-Genovese family. During Sciandra's reign as boss, Stefano LaTorre was pushed out of the ownership of the Knox Coal Company and shelved as a member of the Pittston Crime Family.

Giuseppe Barbara

Note: Giuseppe Barbara (Born Castellammare del Golfo Sicily, Aug. 9, 1905. Died Johnson City NY, June 17, 1959). Many historians believe that Barbara took over the Pittston-centered Mafia about 1940. His alleged assumption of power in northeast Pennsylvania coordinates with the belief that John Sciandra was murdered in 1940 on orders from Barbara. However, there is no evidence that Sciandra was murdered in 1940 or at any other time. He died of heart disease in 1949. It is more likely that Barbara served as Buffalo Crime Family capodecina over the distant Castellammarese Mafia outpost in Endicott, NY. Barbara is known to have cooperated closely with Pittston's Men of Montedoro, but there is insufficient evidence that he interrupted the Montedoro succession in Pittston. The fact that Barbara hosted national conventions of Mafiosi at his Apalachin country estate in 1956 and 1957 caused many of his time to believe he held a more significant spot in the Mafia hierarchy - some believed he was the supreme boss of the American Mafia. However, we now know that Barbara was ordered to host those conventions by Stefano Magaddino, boss of the Buffalo area.

1949 - Rosario Bufalino (Born Montedoro Sicily, Sept. 29, 1903. Died Kingston PA, Feb. 25, 1994.) "Russell" Bufalino, also known by friends as "McGee," likely became acting boss for the Pittston area after John Sciandra's death in 1949. Santo Volpe, the aging King of the Night, served in an advisory role. Some put the start of Bufalino's reign in 1959, due to a mistaken belief that Joseph Barbara, who died in 1959, was a Scranton-Pittston Mafia boss.

1957 - Russell Bufalino was boss of the northeast Pennsylvania Mafia at the time the American Mafia gathered for a convention at Joseph Barbara's Apalachin estate. Police crashed the party, took down names and license plate numbers and rounded up Mafiosi who attempted to flee the Barbara home. The police documentation established links between Mafia groups in different U.S. regions. A 1956 plane trip to Havana, Cuba, got Bufalino in trouble with immigration officials, as he improperly claimed U.S. citizenship upon his return. Bufalino's family began to emerge from under the Genovese family shadow in the 1960s. The Scranton organization began to engage in rackets in the Buffalo, NY, region and in Canada. Bufalino invested in a number of businesses in New York City and spent much of his time in the city.

1970s - U.S. efforts to deport Bufalino were derailed when the Italian government refused to accept him. Though he spent some of his later years in federal prison, Bufalino was one of the U.S. Mafia's most influential characters until his death in 1994. He was engaged in labor racketeering, loan-sharking and gambling. The FBI believed he had a hand in narcotics trafficking. He is widely believed to have had a part in arranging the disappearance and murder of former Teamster President Jimmy Hoffa.

1975 - Edward Sciandra (Born Montedoro Sicily, Nov. 13, 1912. Died Hallandale FL, July 13, 2003.) In the mid-1970s, Edward Sciandra of New York City, cousin to former boss Giovanni Sciandra, was believed to be calling the shots for the Scranton-Pittston family while Bufalino dealt with legal troubles.

1990 - In 1990, the Pennsylvania Crime Commission listed William D'Elia as a "significant member" of the Bufalino organization. D'Elia, former driver for Bufalino, stood in for Bufalino at crime family meetings. It appears that he was being groomed as the successor to Bufalino.

1994 - William D'Elia (Born June, 1946.) After Bufalino's death, D'Elia stepped up to the top spot in the crime family. In 2001, he was identified as the Scranton boss by Ralph Natale, the turncoat Philadelphia mob leader. Natale indicated that D'Elia had helped resolve disputes within the Philadelphia family.

2006 - D'Elia, 59, was indicted for money laundering in May. He was released only to be rearrested and charged with additional counts of money laundering as well as witness intimidation. He pleaded guilty in 2008 to money laundering and witness intimidation. He was given a relatively light sentence of seven years and three months in federal prison after assisting authorities in the prosecution of a casino owner charged with perjury. He was released in February 2013.


Voir la vidéo: Welcome to Wilkes-Barre Pa (Janvier 2022).